Section 23-1. Risk assessment in connection with planning, design and execution of manual work

In connection with the planning, design and execution of manual work, the employer shall ensure that the organisational conditions that can entail a risk of harm to the health of employees are assessed, both individually and overall.
When assessing work that is to be performed manually, the employer shall particularly take into consideration:
  1. a.The nature of the object
    Manual handling can especially cause harm to health if the object:
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      is too heavy or too large,
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      is unmanageable or difficult to hold on to,
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      is unsteady or its content may be displaced,
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      is placed so that it needs to be kept at a distance from the body or handled by bending or twisting the body, or
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      due to its exterior shape or texture, can inflict injuries on the employee, especially in the event of a collision.
  2. b.Physical strain
    A physical strain can especially cause harm to health if it:
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      is excessive,
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      involves having to twist the body,
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      can cause sudden movement of heavy objects, or
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      is imposed with the body in an unsteady position.
  3. c.Layout of the working environment
    The layout of the working environment can cause increased risk of harm to health if:
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      there is insufficient room to perform the work,
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      the floor is uneven and can cause tripping, or is slippery in relation to the employees' footwear,
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      objects must be handled at different heights due to differences in the level of the floor or work surface,
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      the floor or support point is unstable,
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      the workplace or working environment does not allow the employee to handle the object manually at a safe height or from an appropriate working position, or
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      the temperature, humidity or ventilation is inappropriate.
  4. d.The work task
    The work task can especially cause harm to health if it involves one or more of the following:
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      too frequent, repetitive and prolonged work operations that put particular strain on the muscular-skeletal system. Static work shall be reduced as far as possible,
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      lifting, lowering or carrying over too great distances,
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      not enough time for necessary rest or restitution, or
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      a work pace determined by a process that the employee cannot adjust.