Section 103. War crimes against a person

Any person is liable to punishment for a war crime who in connection with an armed conflict
  1. a.
    kills a protected person,
  2. b.
    inflicts great suffering or considerable harm to the body or health of a protected person, particularly through torture or other cruel or inhuman treatment,
  3. c.
    enslaves a protected person,
  4. d.
    subjects a protected person to rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilisation or other similarly aggravated forms of sexual violence,
  5. e.
    takes a protected person hostage,
  6. f.
    conscripts or recruits children under 18 years of age to armed forces or uses them actively as participants in hostilities,
  7. g.
    subjects a protected person to a medical or scientific experiment that is not in the person's interest and that entails serious risk to the person's life or health,
  8. h.
    contrary to international law deports or forcibly relocates a protected person from an area in which the person is lawfully present, or unlawfully confines a protected person,
  9. i.
    imposes or implements a penalty against a protected person without the person first having received a fair trial in accordance with international law,
  10. j.
    grossly violates a protected person's dignity through humiliating or degrading treatment, or
  11. k.
    injures a combatant who has surrendered or is incapable of participating in combat.
Also subject to punishment in an international armed conflict is any party that
  1. a.
    transfers part of its own civilian population to an occupied area,
  2. b.
    forces a citizen of the opposing party to participate in acts of war against his/her own country, or
  3. c.
    forces a protected person to serve in the armed forces of a hostile power.
A protected person is a person who is not, or is no longer, actively participating in hostilities, or who is otherwise protected by international law.
The penalty for a war crime against a person is imprisonment for a term not exceeding 15 years, or up to 30 years in the cases specified in the first paragraph, a) to e), or otherwise if the crime is aggravated. In determining whether a crime is aggravated, weight shall be given to factors including the crime's potential for harm and harmful effects and whether it was committed as part of a plan or objective or as part of large-scale commission of such crimes.